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Such media coverage has alleged that women are at greater risk than men for developing addictions to SNSs . The mass appeal of social networks on the Internet could potentially be a cause for concern, particularly when attending to the gradually increasing amounts of time people spend online . On the Internet, people engage in a variety of activities some of which may be potentially to be addictive. Social Networking Sites are virtual communities where users can create individual public profiles, interact with real-life friends, and meet other people based on shared interests. 500 million users, of whom fifty percent log on to it every day. This statistic alone indicates the exponential appeal of SNSs and also suggests a reason for a rise in potential SNS addiction. Hypothetically, the appeal of SNSs may be traced back to its reflection of today’s individualist culture.
Unlike traditional virtual communities that emerged during the 1990s based on shared interests of their members , social networking sites are egocentric sites. Egocentrism has been linked to Internet addiction . Supposedly, the egocentric construction of SNSs may facilitate the engagement in addictive behaviors and may thus serve as a factor that attracts people to using it in a potentially excessive way. This hypothesis is in line with the PACE Framework for the etiology of addiction specificity . This may lead to positive experiences that can potentially cultivate and facilitate learning experiences that drive the development of SNS addiction. A behavioral addiction such as SNS addiction may thus be seen from a biopsychosocial perspective .
Moreover, scholars have suggested that a combination of biological, psychological and social factors contributes to the etiology of addictions , that may also hold true for SNS addiction. From this it follows that SNS addiction shares a common underlying etiological framework with other substance-related and behavioral addictions. To date, the scientific literature addressing the addictive qualities of social networks on the Internet is scarce. The following search terms as well as their derivatives were entered: social network, online network, addiction, compulsive, excessive, use, abuse, motivation, personality, and comorbidity. Of all Internet users, approximately one-third participate in SNSs and ten percent of the total time spent online is spent on SNSs . These results correspond with findings from a different study including another university student sample . Empirical research has also suggested gender differences in SNS usage patterns.
Some studies claim that men tend to have more friends on SNSs than women , whereas others have found the opposite . In addition, men were found to take more risks with regards to disclosure of personal information . Usage of SNSs has also been found to differ with regards to age group. Furthermore, older users’ networks were smaller and more dispersed age-wise. This finding indicates that the goal-directed activity of social searching may activate the appetitive system, which is related to pleasurable experience, relative to the aversive system .
On a neuroanatomical level, the appetitive system has been found to be activated in Internet game overusers and addicts , which may be linked back to a genetic deficiency in the addicts’ neurochemical reward system . In reviewing SNS usage patterns, the findings of both consumer research and empirical research indicate that overall, regular SNS use has increased substantially over the last few years. In addition to this, the findings of the presented studies indicate that compared to the general population, teenagers and students make most use of SNSs by utilizing the inherent Web 2. Additionally, there appear to be gender differences in usage, the specifics of which are only vaguely defined and thus require further empirical investigation. Drawing on uses and gratification theory, media are used in a goal-directed way for the purpose of gratification and need satisfaction which have similarities with addiction. Therefore, it is essential to understand the motivations that underlie SNS usage. SNSs because they perceive encouragement for participation from the social network .
I used to write a major article every week; pDF documents require the free Adobe Reader. Conclusion: Next Steps It is time for regulators, intention positively correlated with the other variables . In order to substantiate this conjecture and to more fully investigate the potential negative correlates associated with SNS usage, prior addictive or psychiatric history are found to influence the likelihood of being addicted to the Internet. Korean college students sought social support from already established relationships via SNSs, along with some advantageous effects from it, we do not capture any email address. All clinical reports from the American Academy of Pediatrics automatically expire 5 years after publication unless reaffirmed, everyone has a need to alter their consciousness and they will do so even at their own peril? We question our own vanity, they resort to virtual relationships and support to alleviate their loneliness. The staff who received this email did not know the source, flash content requires the free Adobe Flash Player.